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  • Is egocentric, the world revolves around his/her needs.
  • Contact with piers is physical.
  • Appearance of tantrums.
  • He or she recognizes him/herself as unique and different from others.
  • Blames others for his/her mistakes.
  • Learns the power of the word “NO”.
  • Expresses his /her needs and dislikes through gestures and short words.
  • Recognizes the school personal.
  • Cares for his/her mother.
  • Parallel game (concentrated in the game without paying attention to the rest of the piers). 
  • Codes to extract meaning.
  • Babbling.
  • Poor vocabulary.
  • Uses it to socialize.
  • Establishes codes to extract meaning.
  • Uses gestures.
  • Is learned through modeling.
  • Speaks including 3 words per phrase.
  • Express through simple sentences.
  • Uses questions like when, what, where, who.
  • Oral language develops, begging to interpret special concepts such as: here, there, up, down.
  • Learns to use the language to greet and say good-bye.

  • Express short ideas and feelings.
  • Learn to pay attention when others are speaking.
  • Verbalize and learn simple poems.
  • Describe characteristic of drawings.
  • Make conversations about their experiences.
  • Enjoys narrations.
  • Repeat words and know the meaning through story reading.
  • Identify the title of the story.
  • Recognize the main characters.
  • Develops the ability to dramatize a character.
  • Can express what they most liked about the story.
  • Scribbles expressing their name
  • Write spontaounesly with the intention of communicating his/her feelings and ideas.
  • Prefers bright colors.
  • Free scribbles (there is no concrete representation).
  • Colors outside the limits.
  • Manipulates different materials.
  • Holds the pencil with his / her whole hand .His tracing skills are guided by the arm.
  • Breaks everything to see what happens.
  • Drawing is an exercise game.
  • Needs big materials (paper, paint brushes, story books, puzzles).
  • Is capable of upgrading his/her perspectives experiences through music and sounds.
  • Bending forward.
  • Have wabble step.
  • Shows difficulty to change direction.
  • Jumps in same place.
  • Pushes, kicks and pinches.
  • Climbs.
  • There is no sphincter control.
  • Sideness is not defined.
  • Walks over a stick or rope.
  • Can imitate animal movements.
  • Develops fine motor skills through free coloring, modeling, wrinkle, niddle, brush painting and printing.
  • Develops gross motor skills promoting muscular exercising activities, corporal knowledge, and side ness and space location.
  • Feels shame, modesty and sympathy.
  • Is aware of other’s feelings.
  • Is sensible and cares about his/her friends.
  • Appear her/his first phobias.
  • Is normally active and curious.
  • May appear night fears.
  • It may appear fraternal jealousy. 
  • Demonstrate respect and cooperation attitude towards others.
  • Parallel game.
  • Plays with first manifestation of speech.
  • Represents different roles.
  • Imitates.
  • Dramatizes.
  • Represents objects that are absent.
  • Uses costumes.
  • Through it they learn cause and effect law.
  • Learns to create images through drawings.
  • Transforms objects to use them according to his/her needs.
  • Ends the oral stage but not entirely.
  • Enters the anal stage.
  • Heces are his /her priced position.
  • Touches his/her heces and wants to play with it.
  • Is in the process of leaving diapers.
  • Plays without distinguishing sexual roles.
  • Use the mouse  (moves, simple click).
  • Moves mouse to replace it.
  • Place and takes off CD correctly.
  • Turns on and off the monitor.
  • Identifie the  Mouse,  keyboard , CPU, monitor.
  • Is willing to please others.
  • Is more independent.
  • Is insecure.
  • Has tantrums and jealousy.
  • Can concentrate more in homework making.
  • Are actives and explorative.
  • Has ambivalent feelings ‘I want to do things by myself but I don’t want to be far away from my mom”.
  • Develops a sense of independence.
  • Can express anger and frustration.
  • They need to do things by themselves.
  • Appears the ‘why’ stage.
  • Fluid language.
  • Create new words.
  • Identifies objects by their names.
  • Identifies songs.
  • Enjoy listening to stories.
  • Appear grammatical confusions ”I went tomorrow to the park”.
  • They need people to read to them.
  • They need to be listened and express their ideas.
  • It’s capable of expressing name, age and sex.
  • Expresses using logical sense ideas and feelings.
  • Learn to pay attention when others are speaking.
  • Uses dialog as an act of speaking.
  • Follows simple instructions.
  • Recites poems, simple stories.
  • Produces poems, simple stories and creative riddles.
  • Enjoys real and story telling.
  • Evokes real life stories.
  • Expresses the main idea of the story.
  • It interprets images from a picture, drawings that accompany written texts and relates them. 
  • Identifies classmates and own name.
  • Spontaounsly traces with the intention of communicating his/her feeling and ideas.
  • Traces correctly vowels given. 
  • Recognizes elementary positions towards themselves: near / far, left / right.
  • Recognizes positions referring to something: in front / in the back  / on top / inside/ outside.
  • Establishes sequence, counts objects and associates numbers until 5. 
  • Establishes relations like: all /none, less/more.
  • Makes volume relations: full/empty.
  • Establishes the difference between light and heavy objects.
  • Distinguishes big from small objects.
  • Identifies the principal shapes: circle, square, triangle.
  • In a series of objects and persons, identify the first and the last.
  • Establishes a series of objects and persons according to colors and shapes.
  • Helps his /her friends.
  • Distinguishes different types of feelings.
  • Are learning to share.
  • Sometimes they prefer privacy.
  • They like to feel loved.
  • He/she is in the process of coloring inside the limits.
  • Controlled scribble skills.
  • Uses different textures.
  • Can copy shapes.
  • Draw closed shapes.
  • His/her drawing has concrete meaning (they name the objects).
  • Can trace.
  • Draw stick body figure.
  • Kicks and throw thing to one direction.
  • Makes aggressive movements.
  • Relates with kisses, hugs and hitting.
  • Maintains one direction.
  • They rip and paint.
  • They posses’ sphincters control.
  • They get tired easily.
  • He /she is capable of running, scale and jump.
  • Builds and destroys.
  • Uses costumes.
  • Can appear an imaginary friend.
  • Establishes different roles.
  • Parallel play with more interaction between piers.
  • They need to play, as they prefer.
  • They like to play inside or outside the house.
  • They enjoy make believe games, songs and rhymes.
  • Develops fine motor skills through modeling with clay, cutting, paintbrush, correct way of grabbing the pencil and movements.
  • Manipulates materials with precision.
  • Develops gross motor skills promoting muscular exercising activities, corporal knowledge, and side ness and space location. 

  • Is in phallic stage.
  • Goes through the castration anxiety.
  • Girls experiment the penis envy.
  • They are hostile with the same sex parent and feel attracted for the opposite sex.
  • Is spontaneous and has no inhibitions.

  • Use the mouse  (moves, simple click).
  • Moves mouse to replace it.
  • Place and takes off CD correctly.
  • Turns on and off the monitor.
  • Identifies the Mouse, keyboard, CPU, monitor.
  • Understands and follows rules.
  • Schoolwork is carefully done.
  • Can cause physical and verbal harm.
  • Prefers the company of a special friend.
  • Search for self-identity and sex.

  • Gives and ask for conversations.
  • Identifies letters form numbers.
  • Can write his name and identifies others names.
  • Has a long conversation with adults.
  • Expresses his/her necessities and dislikes with firmness.
  • Capable of pronouncing letters and producing onomatopoeic sounds.
  • Enjoy sharing experiences with his/her friends and teachers.
  • Makes questions related to a situation.
  • Pronounces simple sentences.Sings.Recites and tells stories.
  • Ask for the meanings of the words.
  • Knows the days of the week.
  • Expresses clearly.
  • Knows the principal parts of the body.
  • Develops the sense of time.


  • Expresses his/her ideas with short phrases.
  • Understands simple instructions.
  • Reproduces oral messages to express feelings and needs.
  • Relates his/her experiences using correct timing.
  • Recites 2-3 poem versus.
  • Affirms, denies and makes questions adequately.
  • Manages correct use of the verbs in a conversation.
  • Narrates personal and family experiences spontaneously. 
  • Distinguish the action of   reading with other things.
  • Distinguish letters from numbers and signs.
  • Identifies main characters in a story.
  • Creates and illustrates original stories with logical sequence form a picture.
  • Writes form left to right.
  • Identifies and writes his/her name.
  • Identifies some classmates’ name.
  • Copies some classmates’ name.
  • Copies words spontaneously.
  • Writes the vowels and identifies words that begin with it.
  • Identifies and writes phonemes.
  • Identifies and traces vowels associated with words.
  • Identifies and traces phonemes.
  • Distinguishes singular from plural form.
  • Distinguishes feminine and masculine.
  • Reproduces simple words with phonemes given.
  • Recognizes elementary positions towards themselves: near / far, right/ left.
  • Recognizes positions like: in front / in the back, on /off, inside /outside.
  • Establishes sequence, counts, and associate numbers.
  • Establishes relations like: more/less, less than / more than, all, some.
  • Adds or subtracts an element from sets.
  • Makes volume relations: full / empty.
  • Identifies dimensions: wide / narrow, long /short. 
  • Establishes objects relations: heavy / light.
  • Identifies principal shapes: circle, square, triangle and rectangle.
  • Identifies different types of lines: line (vertical, horizontal and curve)
  • Uses before and after for: locate facts, situations and objects.
  • In a series of objects and people , identify the first and the last.
  • Establishes series of objects and persons according to different characteristics (colors, numbers, letters and shapes).
  • Jumps with one foot.
  • Has a good shot and better fine motor skills.
  • Is able to dodge an obstacle.
  • Uses thin materials (pencils, crayons, scissors).
  • Copies numbers and letters.
  • Imitates drawings.
  • Buttons, covers, climbs and pulls down his/her zipper.
  • Develops fine motor skills through: modeling with clay, cutting, painting, correct management of the pencil and movements.
  • Uses materials with precision. 
  • Control and manages his/her breathing during different activities.
  • Develops gross motor skills promoting muscular exercising activities, corporal knowledge, and space location.
  • Moves from one place to another with confidence.
  • Cares for others.
  • Informs when others are misbehaving.
  • Can feel sad for moments.
  • Family situations affect him/her.
  • Personality is developed; her emotional responses and behaviors are adapted according to her/his sex.
  • Parents are transformed in their principal characters of admirations and identifications.
  • They can feel anxiety for the future, fear of loosing affection and being punished.
  • They protest when someone ask them to do something they don’t like.
  • Feels the necessity to express his/her ideas through art, play, music and movement.
  • Gives names to his/her drawing.
  • Distinguishes closed and open figures.
  • Can draw a square, circle and triangle.
  • Draws head, trunk, arms and legs.
  • Draws with happiness.
  • Makes creations using different materials.
  • Painting is one of their favorite games.
  • He fears for his /her physical integrity.
  • He/she masturbates.
  • Maintains in a long-term social relationship.
  • The girl doesn’t understand her missing a penis and wishes to have one.
  • Curiosity between themselves.
  • Sexual questioning is staring.
  • Use the mouse  (moves, simple click).
  • Moves mouse to replace it.
  • Place and takes off CD correctly.
  • Turns on and off the monitor.
  • Identifies  the  Mouse,  keeboard , CPU, monitor.
  • Likes to share.
  • Dramatizes daily situations.
  • Can finalize a duty.
  • Imitates others.
  • Cheats.
  • Differences reality from unreal.
  • Creates an imaginary friend.
  • Search for new friendships.
  • Posses a realistic attitude.
  • Runs with high speed.
  • Jumps very high and long length.
  • Takes impulse to run.
  • Has a very good shot.
  • Longer attention skill.
  • Copies from the white board.
  • Distinguishes left from right.
  • Develops fine motor skills through: collage, tracing, cutting, scribble and modeling with clay.
  • Uses correct position to grab de pencil and make adequate writing movements.
  • Uses materials with precision.
  • Develops gross motor skills promoting muscular exercising activities, corporal knowledge, and side ness and space location.
  • Develops different movements using their body according to sounds.
  • Makes breathing and relaxation exercising.
  • Makes space notions exercising, rhythm-timing structuration.  
  • Moves body to open areas and corporal positions.
  • Suffers for other persons.
  • Fells ashamed and fears of strangers.
  • Can get affected by surroundings situations.
  • Suffers when a friend rejects him. 
  • Can appear insecurity feelings and low self teem.
  • Doesn’t accept imposed authority and follows instructions slowly.
  • Sideness is defined.
  • Makes an intentioned realistic drawing with intention.
  • Makes a good perceptive copy.
  • Concrete drawing.
  • Mayor creativity.
  • Is capable of copying a triangle.
  • Symbolic game.
  • Starts to play in game with rules.
  • Likes to build.
  • Dramatizes.
  • Ends a duty.
  • Can play in-group.
  • Plays with puzzle and shares table games with his/her family.
  • Rough game between boys.
  • Syllabic reading and writing process.
  • Forms long coherent and long phrases.
  • Can count beginning in one.
  • Ask and gives concrete answers.
  • Ask questions related to the theme.
  • Increases his/her vocabulary.
  • Writes his/her name.
  • Declares his /her sexual interest.
  • Girls feel frustrated because of missing penis and blame the mother for it.
  • Looks for a person of the opposite sex to be boyfriend /girlfriend.
  • Differences girl toy from boy toy.
  • Expresses his/her ideas and experiences spontaneously.
  • Uses verbs adequately in the evocations of situations. 
  • Understands the central idea of a story.
  • Makes up stories.
  • Understands several instructions.
  • Applies correctly affirmations, negative sentences and questions in a dialog.
  • Does simple interpretations and stimulates discussions.
  • Identifies directionality in the reading process: up/down, left/right.
  • Shows interest for reading.
  • Identifies common words and interprets and he/she can interpret the text.
  • Identifies almost all their classmates name.
  • They can distinguish the different types of text when reading (stories, poetry, letters, newspaper and signs).
  • Tells stories and experiences using correct sequence of time.
  • Memorizes and declaims poetry and simple stories. 
  • Understands riddles.
  • Recites 4-5 versus poetry.
  • Creates oral texts: stories, riddles and rhymes.
  • Read words and phrases using short phonemes.
  • Writes their complete name and almost all their friends name.
  • Writes words with corresponding letters although are misspelled.
  • Writes common words and short phrases.
  • Writes dictation of words.
  • Identifies and traces phonemes given.
  • Reproduces words, phrases and simple sentences with phonemes given.
  • Recognizes principal elements of respect towards themselves: near / far, left /right.
  • Recognizes positions related to something: in front of / behind of, on /off.
  • Establishes sequence, counts and associates until 20. 
  • Establishes relations: more than /less than, same as, many /few.
  • Form sets up to four elements according to different criteria: shapes, color, size.
  • Adds and subtract an element to the set.
  • Adds small amounts of objects.
  • Adds objects using math symbols.
  • Subtract small amount of objects.
  • Solves simple problems applying subtract and adding operations.
  • Identify measuring instruments (ruler), weigh (balance), time (clock): analog, digital, seasons, temperature (thermometer).
  • Compare two objects using non –standard measuring instruments, such as hands, row, and clip.
  • Makes volume relations: full /empty, thin /thick.
  • Identifies dimensions: wide/ narrow, long /short.
  • Establishes between light and heavy objects.
  • Identify shapes: circle, square, triangle, rectangle and rhombus.
  • Identifies different types of lines: vertical, horizontal, curve (open, closed), spiral.
  • Uses before and after for: place facts, and place objects.
  • In a series of objects and people: identify the first, last, middle and next.
  • Establish series of objects and people according to criteria: color, shape and size.
  • Use the mouse  (moves, simple click).
  • Moves mouse to replace it.
  • Place and takes off CD correctly.
  • Turns on and off the monitor.
  • Identifies the Mouse, keyboard, CPU, monitor.
  • Uses the keyboard to fix mistakes.
  • Uses the keyboard to separate words.
  • Introduces words in the computer.